Carver, George Washington

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b. 1861 USA
d. 1943 USA
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African-American agriculturalist.
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In 1896 Carver was invited by Booker T.Washington, noted for his efforts to improve the education of African American craftspeople after the Civil War, to join the teaching staff at the Tuskegee Institute, Alabama. Carver became renowned for his innovative work in developing agricultural products, particularly from the peanut, sweet potato and cowpea. He was one of the first agriculturalists of that time to promote the use of organic fertilizers, and he was noted for his work in the hybridization of local plants. In spite of these achievements, his immediate impact on the African American farming community lay in promoting agricultural education and extension work. In 1897 Carver was appointed the first director of the Tuskegee agricultural experiment station. Here, he developed teaching techniques in agricultural education, such as issuing a series of clearly-written information bulletins. He also devised the first mobile school in the American South, which consisted of a farm wagon equipped with educational material and travelled from farm to farm, demonstrating the latest agricultural techniques.
Carver was granted only three patents: one in 1923 for a cosmetic and two, in 1925 and 1927, for processes for making pigments.
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Further Reading
P.P.James, 1989, The Real McCoy: African American Invention and Innovation 2619– 1930, Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 69–70.
LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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